Turn The Word Around -The Music and Legacy Of Harry Belafonte

March 1, 2018 | 7:30pm – 9:30pm

Celebrate the extraordinary Harry Belafonte with an evening of joyful music and stories with alumni members of the Harry Belafonte Band including Ty Stephens, Branice McKenzie, and others under the Musical Direction of Richard Cummings Jr., Mr. Belafonte’s conductor and arranger for over two decades.

Cost: $30
Aaron Davis Hall
138 Convent Avenue at 135th Street
New York NY 10031

More Info: http://www.citycollegecenterforthearts.org

 

 

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American Negro Theatre

Scene from the American Negro Theatre production of  "On Strivers Row," 1946, with Harry Belafonte Photographs and Prints Division  Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture

Scene from the American Negro Theatre production of “On Strivers Row,” 1946, with Harry Belafonte – Photographs and Prints Division Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture

The American Negro Theatre (ANT), co-founded in 1940 by Frederick O’Neal and Abram Hill, was established to provide black actors, playwrights, directors and other theater professionals with the opportunity to work in productions that illustrated the diversity of black life.

 
From 1940-1949, the ANT produced 19 plays, 12 of them original. Their productions often appealed specifically to the Harlem community. On Striver’s Row, Walk Hard–Talk Loud, and Rain were all well-received. The ANT found commercial success with Philip Yordan’s Anna Lucasta, adapted for a black cast. This production traveled to Broadway, then went on to Chicago and London. The ANT also exhibited the talents of several now well-known actors and actresses, some for the first time. Ruby Dee, Ossie Davis, Sidney Poitier, Harry Belafonte, Hilda Simms and Alvin and Alice Childress all performed with the ANT.
Program from the production of  "On Strivers Row" Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture

Program from the production of
“On Strivers Row”
Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture

For its first five years, the ANT was housed in the basement of the Schomburg Center, then the 135th Street Branch Library. The space was known as the “Harlem Library Little Theatre.” In 1945, ANT moved to the Elks Lodge on 126th Street, which was renamed the American Negro Theatre Playhouse. Finally in 1950, the ANT moved to a loft on West 125th Street, and unfortunately went out of business a year later.

Two divisions of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture have holdings related to the American Negro Theatre. The Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division has the personal papers of Frederick O’Neal, Hilda Simms and Hilda Haynes, the ANT Scrapbook and the ANT Alumni Collection. The Photographs and Prints Division has production stills and publicity photographs from the ANT. Today, the room and stage that housed the ANT still exists in the basement of the Schomburg Center. It is now a 75 seat multi-purpose room named in honor of the theatre company.

Click here to learn more about the Schomburg Center’s Black History Month programs and events.

The boy Harry from Harlem did good

To most younger people who remember him, Harry Belafonte is mainly known for singing infectious but vaguely annoying 1950s Afro-Caribbean pop songs like Day-O.

Indeed, anyone under 30 may not know who he is at all.

If so, this expansive and entertaining, if sometimes hagiographic, documentary from Susanne Rostock will definitely set them straight.

And if Rostock’s film is a little fawning now and then, it’s hard to blame her, because Belafonte’s has been a truly extraordinary life.

Born in extreme poverty in a Harlem tenement in 1927, Harold George Bellanfanti Jr was the child of a Caribbean housekeeper, and was partly raised in Jamaica by his grandfather.

After finishing high school in Harlem, he served in the US Navy during World War II and returned to New York. He was working as a janitor’s assistant when a tenant gave him tickets to a show at Harlem’s American Negro Theater.

The theatre’s resident company used plays to give a voice to the black American experience, and the young Belafonte was entranced.

He met Sidney Poitier and began acting, but also experimented with singing and developed a keen interest in folk songs, both American and Jamaican. In 1956 Belafonte had a big hit with Caribbean folk song Matilda, and his debut album Calypso became the first LP to sell over a million copies.

He became an overnight sensation, and audiences went wild for his sensual live performances, but Harry was no mere pop star.

Inspired by the fearless campaigning of black singer Paul Robeson, Belafonte became increasingly exercised by the fate of black Americans, and would be a key player in the Civil Rights movement.

It’s this period of Belafonte’s life that Rostock’s film spends most time exploring, and understandably so, because the singer’s contribution to that cause cannot be overstated.

He bailed Martin Luther King out of Birmingham City Jail; supported the preacher’s family; financed the Freedom Riders; courted the Kennedys; and helped organise the iconic March on Washington in 1963.

Belafonte also rallied Hollywood chums like Marlon Brando, Paul Newman and Charlton Heston to put their names to the Civil Rights movement, and the singer also put his own career, and even his life, at risk.

His energy and commitment is remarkable, and his engagement against injustice has continued; he’s campaigned against apartheid, famine in Africa, and the American engagement in Iraq.

Admirable stuff, and at 85 he’s still going strong.

But Rostock’s film is too respectful to provide genuine insight; the recollections of Belafonte, Poitier and others about the ’60s are fascinating, but Belafonte’s personal life is only nodded to respectfully, and no hard questions are asked.

Why, for instance, has he been so consistently ambivalent about the presidency of Barack Obama?

– Paul Whitington

Harlem’s Ralph MacDonald, the Grammy Award winning percussionist and composer, dies at 67

The great percussionist and composer, Ralph MacDonald, who was one of the most recorded percussionists in jazz, soul and funk as well as a Grammy Award winning songwriter, died on Sunday 18 December in Stamford, Connecticut after suffering from lung cancer in recent years.

Born in Harlem in 1944, MacDonald was the son of the well-known Trinidadian calypso musician Macbeth the Great and started playing drums and percussion as a small boy. At 17 he got a job in Harry Belafonte’s steel band playing pans and percussion and stayed with him for ten years, composing Belafonte’s Calypso Carnival album in 1966. While increasingly called on for conga and percussion sessions MacDonald also became a prolific composer and formed a publishing company, Antisia, with songwriters Bill Salter and William Eaton. Their composition ‘Where Is The Love’ became a multi-million seller for Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway and won two Grammy Awards, while other notable tracks by MacDonald include the Grover Washington Jr song ‘Just The Two of Us’ which also became a huge seller, ‘Mr Magic’, ‘Winelight’ and ‘Calypso Breakdown’ for the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack which also earned him a Grammy.

It was however through MacDonald’s prodigious work as a conguero, steel pan player and percussionist that he became most widely known, recording sessions for over 400 albums, including major jazz names such as Roland Kirk, Gato Barbieri, Ron Carter, George Benson, David Sanborn, Max Roach, Milt Jackson, Joe Henderson, Maynard Ferguson and Paul Desmond as well as many leading funk and soul artists, including Quincy Jones, Aretha Franklin, the Brecker Brothers, Steely Dan, The Crusaders, Grover Washington Jr, Bob James and many others. He also recorded eight solo albums starting in 1976 with the acclaimed Sound of a Drum and 1977’s The Path, that traced his own musical and family roots. His most recent solo album, Mixty Motions, was released in 2007 and as ever revealed his deep and long standing interest in the roots and sound of percussion. https://i1.wp.com/www.jazzwisemagazine.com/images/newsimages/ralph-mcdonald-and-jon-newey.jpg

For many years during the 1970s and 1980s the Steve Gadd/Ralph MacDonald combination was the most sought after drum and percussion section on the planet and they also played a number of special drum clinics for drum and percussion manufacturers, Yamaha, LP and Zildjian, with whom both worked on product development and education. MacDonald was always very encouraging towards other percussionists, as this writer found when he first met him in the early 1980s. In July of this year he was honoured with a Ralph MacDonald Day in Stamford.

Jon Newey

http://www.jazzwisemagazine.com/news-mainmenu-139/68-2011/12173-jazz-breaking-news-ralph-macdonald-the-grammy-award-winning-percussionist-and-composer-dies-at-67

HBO’s ‘Sing Your Song’ to Debut 10/17 – Harry Belafonte

“SING YOUR SONG,” CHRONICLING THE LIFE AND TIMES OF EXTRAORDINARY ENTERTAINER AND SOCIAL ACTIVIST Harry Belafonte, DEBUTS OCT. 17, EXCLUSIVELY ON HBO

During the course of an inspiring life that has paralleled the American civil rights movement, artist and crusader Harry Belafonte has tirelessly used his humanitarian influence to advance causes of social justice, while forging a unique career punctuated by prestigious awards and industry firsts.

Filmmaker Susanne Rostock tells the rich life story of this remarkable artist and humanitarian in the intimate feature-length documentary SING YOUR SONG, debuting MONDAY, OCT. 17 (10:00-11:45 p.m. ET/PT), exclusively on HBO.

Other HBO playdates: Oct. 20 (4:00 p.m., 1:00 a.m.), 23 (3:45 p.m.), 26 (11:30 a.m.) and 29 (8:45 a.m.), and Nov. 1 (12:30 p.m., 12:45 a.m.) and 7 (5:30 p.m.)

HBO2 playdates: Oct. 22 (6:00 a.m.), 26 (8:00 p.m.) and 30 (10:30 p.m.), and Nov. 5 (5:15 p.m.), 9 (11:00 a.m., 2:10 a.m.) and 15 (5:30 p.m.)

Coinciding with the HBO debut of SING YOUR SONG, Belafonte’s memoir, “My Song,” will be published by Knopf Oct. 11 while a companion music album, entitled “Sing Your Song: The Music,” was released by Sony Masterworks Oct. 4.

Groundbreaking singer, actor and activist Harry Belafonte rose to fame in the U.S. in spite of segregation, and crossed over into mainstream America on his way to international stardom. His hit 1956 album “Calypso” made him the first artist in industry history to sell over a million LPs, and spawned the smash single “Banana Boat (Day-O).” Though recognized with Grammy, Tony and Emmy(R) awards, Belafonte was blacklisted, harassed by the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), spied on by the CIA and FBI, and threatened by the Klan, state troopers and Las Vegas mafia bosses.

Distilled from more than 700 hours of interviews, eyewitness accounts, movie clips, excerpts from FBI files, and news and rare archival film footage and stills, some of which has never been seen before, SING YOUR SONG reveals Belafonte as a tenacious hands-on activist who worked intimately with DR. Martin Luther King, Jr., mobilized celebrities for social justice, participated in the struggle against apartheid in South Africa and took action to counter gang violence, prisons and the incarceration of youth.

In addition to Belafonte, those interviewed in SING YOUR SONG include: Tony Bennett, Diahann Carroll, Ruby Dee, Whoopi Goldberg, Quincy Jones, Coretta Scott King, Rep. John Lewis, Miriam Makeba, Nelson Mandela, Sidney Poitier, George Schlatter, Tom Smothers, Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Andrew Young, as well as his children Adrienne Belafonte Biesemeyer, David Belafonte, Gina Belafonte (one of the film’s producers) and Shari Belafonte, former wife Julie Belafonte and current wife Pamela Belafonte.

Following an early performance by Belafonte at the Village Vanguard in New York City, his mentor, the great singer and actor Paul Robeson, offered this counsel: “Get them to sing your song and they will want to know who you are.”

Born into a rough Harlem neighborhood in 1927, Belafonte’s immigrant mother sent him to be raised in her native Jamaica in an effort to ensure his safety; there he developed a cultural reservoir on which to build future artistic success. Upon the outbreak of World War II, he returned to Harlem, and later enlisted in the United States Navy, serving for almost two years as a munitions loader.

Returning to New York City, Belafonte worked in the garment center and as a janitor’s assistant. As gratuity for one apartment repair job, Belafonte was given a ticket to a production of “Home Is the Hunter” at the American Negro Theatre (ANT) in Harlem, which sparked a desire for a life in the performing arts.

Joining the Dramatic Workshop of the New School of Social Research under the tutelage of renowned German director Erwin Piscator, Belafonte attended class with fellow future stars like Marlon Brando, Walter Matthau, Bea Arthur, Rod Steiger and Tony Curtis. He immersed himself in the world of theatre and found “a place of social truth and profound influence,” compelling him to make a commitment to use art as a source of inspiration to others, as well as an instrument of resistance and rebellion and a counter to racism.

Paralleling his pursuit of acting, an interest in jazz spurred him to develop a relationship with pioneers of the art form. In his first professional appearance, he performed with jazz titans Charlie Parker, Max Roach, Tommy Potter and Al Haig as his “back-up band.”

His first Broadway appearance, in “John Murray Anderson’s Almanac,” earned him a Tony Award. As the first black producer in television, he won an Emmy(R) for his network production of “An Evening with Belafonte,” directed by Norman Jewison. At the dawning of his film career, “Carmen Jones” took top critical honors, garnering two Oscar(R) nominations and winning the Golden Globe award for Best Motion Picture (Musical/Comedy).

In SING YOUR SONG, Belafonte observes that while building a career, raising a family and enjoying his successes, there were always the larger concerns for freedom, justice, equality and human dignity. Since childhood, his mother impressed upon him that he should never awaken in a day when there wasn’t something on his agenda that would help set the course for the undermining of injustice. That larger concern at the center of his life and work connected him deeply with his mentor Robeson, a renaissance man of immense talents who sacrificed everything in the fight for freedom and justice.

Belafonte’s compassion and ardor also drew him to DR. Martin Luther King, Jr., who once said of his friend, “Belafonte’s global popularity and his commitment to our cause is a key ingredient to the global struggle for freedom and a powerful tactical weapon in the civil rights movement here in America. We are blessed by his courage and moral integrity.”

Like Robeson before him, Belafonte has paid a price for his activism. Rather than compromise with bigotry and prejudice, he walked away from the money and exposure that compromise would have afforded him, for example, when sponsors of the groundbreaking and hugely popular television specials “Tonight with Belafonte” (1959) and “Belafonte, New York 19” (1960) balked at his racially integrated casts. Similar battles with Hollywood film producers over content and race led him to turn down other lucrative offers.

SING YOUR SONG was presented at the 2011 Sundance Film Festival and the 2011 Berlin Film Festival, as well as the 2011 Tribeca Film Festival.

HBO Documentary Films and Michael Cohl present a Belafonte Enterprises and S2BN Entertainment Production in association with Julius R. Nasso Productions; a film by Susanne Rostock; produced by Michael Cohl, Gina Belafonte, Jim Brown, William Eigen and Julius R. Nasso; co-produced by Sage Scully; edited by Susanne Rostock and Jason L. Pollard; consultant, Karol Martesko-Fenster; music composed by Hahn Rowe.

Read more: http://tv.broadwayworld.com/article/HBOs-Sing-Your-Song-to-Debut-1017-20111007_page2#ixzz1aEz9Vd9L